• Predrag Lj Stefanović, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia
  • Zoran J Marković, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia
  • Vukman V Bakić, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia
  • Dejan B Cvetinović, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia
  • Valentina M Turanjanin, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia
  • Marina P Jovanović, Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia

Emissions of greenhouse gases within the public district heating plants of Serbia

  • It is evident that global climate change has led to significant changes of Serbia climate characteristics. Each of the scenarios of climate change in the region of Serbia shows that some of economic sectors will be highly affected by the expected changes. It is therefore necessary to continually work on greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions reduction. Republic of Serbia, a non-Annex I member States of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), seeks to contribute in achieving the basic objectives of the Convention, in accordance with their capabilities and the principles of sustainable development. Preparation of national communications and related documents is one of the most important obligation of non-Annex I countries. Prerequirements for these activities are preparation of the inventory of GHG emissions in relevant sectors such as the energy, transport, agriculture, waste, and forestry. For the purpose of a separate study, building of data base on energy consumption in Republic Serbia, have been collected data on generated heat energy and total heating area in the period 1990-2008 from the public district heating plants located in 50 cities of Serbia. As a representative of the aforementioned period, the years of 1990, 1998, and 2008 have been selected. Paper presents results of calculation of GHG emissions as a result of the fossil fuels combustion in public district heating enterprises in Serbia for the heat production. Calculation of GHG emissions was carried out according to the revised IPCC methodology, which provides standard net calorific values and emission factors for fossil fuels of interest. The paper also presents estimation of GHG emissions from the heat production in the public district heating plants for years 2012 and 2015 using two different scenarios. The first scenario predicts an increase of GHG emissions under the assumption that solid fuels are substituted by the natural gas, and the second one represents the case where the natural gas is completely replaced by liquid oil fuel. The expected increase of heat production is 10% by 2012 and 15% by 2015 in comparison to the base year of 2008 for both scenarios.
  • Keywords
    greenhouse gas emissions inventory, Republic of Serbia, public district heating plants, revised IPCC methodology, mitigation
  • Pages
    183 - 195
  • Submitted
    06/20/2011
  • Revised
    06/22/2011
  • Accepted
    06/29/2011
  • UDC
    504.7:662.71/.74
  • BIBLID
    0350-218X, 37 (2011), 2, 183-195
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