Building Energy Regulation, Clasification and Certification Schemes

  • Energy certification schemes for buildings emerged in the early 1990s as an essential method for improving energy efficiency, minimising energy consumption and enabling greater transparency with regards to the use of energy inbuildings. However, from the beginning their definition and implementation process were diffuse and, occasionally, have confused building sector stake holders. A multiplicity of terms and concepts such as energy performance, energy efficiency, energy ratings, benchmarking, etc., have emerged with sometimes overlapping meanings. This has frequently led to misleading interpretations by regulatory bodies, energy agencies, and final consumers. This paper analyses the origin and the historic development of energy certification schemes in buildings along with the definition and scope of a building energy certificate and critical aspects of its implementation. Embodied energy calculations and life cycle analysis are pointed out as key elements in building energy assessment and should be included in energy regulation and certification schemes in order to effectively lead the building sector towards sustainability.
  • Keywords
    energy certification, energy rating, energy benchmarking, embodiedenergy, building life cycle
  • Pages
    81 - 93
  • Submitted
    07/06/2012
  • Revised
    08/08/2012
  • Accepted
    08/09/2012
  • BIBLID
    0350-218X, 38 (2012), 1, 81-93
  • References
    • [1] Perez-Lombard, L., et al., A Review on Buildings Energy Consumption Information, Energy and Buildings, 40 (2008), 3, 394-398
    • [2] Casals, X. G., Analysis of Building Energy Regulation and Certification in Europe: Their Role, Limitations and Differences, Energy and Buildings, 38 (2006), 381–392
    • [3] ***, http://apps1.eere.en ergy.gov/buildings/tools_di, retrieved august 2011
    • [4] ***, Council Directive 93/76/CEE of 13 September 1993 to Limit Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Improving Energy Efficency (SAVE)
    • [5] ***, Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the Energy Performance of Buildings
    • [6] ***, EN 15217, En ergy Performance of Buildings–Methods for Expressing Energy Performance and for Energy Certification of Buildings, 2007
    • [7] Perez-Lombard, L., et al., A Review of Benchmarking, Rating and Labelling Concepts within the Framework of Building Energy Certiffication Schemes, Energy and Buildings, 41 (2009),272-278
    • [8] Moss., K. J., Energy Management in Buildings, Taylor&Francis, New York, USA, 2006
    • [9] ***, EN 15603, Energy Performance of Buildings – Overall Energy Use and Definition of Ratings, 2008
    • [10] Arkesteijn, K., Dijk, D. van., Energy Performance Certification for New and Existing Buildings. Information Paper 156, CENSE European Project, http://www.iee-cense.eu, 2010
    • [11] Hernandez, P., Kenny, P., Development of a Methodology for Life Cycle Building Energy Ratings, Energy Policy, 39 (2011), 6, 3779-3788
    • [12] Hernandez, P., Kenny, P., From net Energy to Zero Energy Buildings: Defining Life Cycle Zero Energy Buildings, Energy and Buildings, 42 (2010), 3, 815-821
    • [13] Roulet, C.-A., et al., ORME: A Multicriteria Rating Methodology for Buildings, Building and Environment, 37 (2002), 6, 579-586
    • [14] ***, Pravilnik o energetskoj efikasnosti zgrada, „Sl.glasnik RS”, br. 61/2011
    • [15] ***, Pravilnik o uslovima, sadržini i načinu izdavanja sertifikata o energetskim svojstvima zgrada, „Sl.glasnik RS”, br. 61/2011
How to cite this paper
Additional references about the paper
Links given above have only informational character and there is a possiblility that they might contain inaccurate or incomplete information