• Andrijana D. Stojanović, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Srđan Belošević, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Branislav D Stanković, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Nenad Crnomarković, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Ivan D Tomanović, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Vladimir B Beljanski, Laboratorija za termotehniku i energetiku, Institut za nuklearne nauke Vinča, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

Suvi postupci odsumporavanja dimnih gasova kotlova na sprašeni ugalj Karakteristike i efikasnost

  • Nivo svesti o zaštiti životne sredine u svetu je porastao poslednjih godina, a ekonomisti predviđaju njegov dalji, eksplozivan rast. Ovakva predviđanja ističu u prvi plan značaj smanjenja uticaja zagađivača vazduha, vode i zemlje. Oblast koja je od posebnog značaja je briga o mogućnosti formiranja kiselih kiša usled izdvajanja SO2 i azotnih oksida tokom sagorevanja fosilnih goriva. U tom smislu se ističu i programi odsumporavanja dimnih gasova koji se sprovode dugi niz godina u elektranama širom sveta, a poslednjih godina i u nas. U ovom radu su opisani suvi postupci odsumporavanja dimnih gasova kotlova na sprašeni ugalj - direktnim unošenjem sorbenta u ložište, unošenjem sorbenta u kanal iza zagrejača vazduha ili u za to posebno projektovan reaktor kao i suvi sistem sa raspršivanjem. Posebno se razmatra ekonomski aspekt i efikasnost redukcije emisije SO2. Izbor metode je često zasnovan na poređenju cene primene metoda. Stoga su za opisane tehnologije dati prosečni troškovi redukcije emisije i istaknute one najefikasnije.

  • Ključne reči
  • Stranice
    61 - 80
  • Datum slanja
    04/02/2012
  • Datum revizije
    07/11/2012
  • Datum prihvatanja
    07/13/2012
  • BIBLID
    0350-218X, 38 (2012), 1, 61-80
  • Reference
    • Dou, B., et al., Prediction of SO2 Removal Efficiency for Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization, Energy Conversion and Management, 50 (2009), 10, 2457-2553
    • ***, Agencija za zaštitu životne sredine, Godišnji izveštaj o stanju kvaliteta vazduha u Republici Srbiji 2010. godine, Republika Srbija, Ministarstvo životne sredine i prostornog planiranja, Beograd, 2011.
    • Baukal, Jr. C. E., Industrial Combustion Pollution and Control, Marcel Dekker, 2004
    • ***, Basic Information of SO2, EPA USA Environmental Protection Agency, Available: http//www.epa.gov [Accessed May 09, 2012]
    • Stefanović, G., Odsumporavanje dimnih gasova korišćenjem letećeg pepela kao sorbenta, Magistarski rad, Niš, 1994.
    • Srivastava, R. K., Jozewicz, W., Singer, C., SO2 Scrubbing Technologies: A Review, Environmental Progress, 20 (2001), 4, 219-228
    • ***, Sorbent Iwection System for SO2 Control, IEA Clean Coal Centre, U. K., Available: http://www.bepress.com/ijcre/vol6/R2 [Accessed June 06, 2012]
    • Đuković, J., Bojanić, V., Aerozagađenje, pojam, stanje, izvori, kontrola i tehnološka rešenja, Banja Luka, D. P. Institut zaštite i ekologije, Banja Luka, 2000
    • Bab cock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., Dry Sorbent Injection Systems for Acid Gas Control, Brochures–Environmental Equipment, USA, 2010. Available: http://www.bab-cock.com/products/environmental_equipment/so2_control.html, [Accessed: 12, Jan 2012]
    • Cheng, J., et al., Sulfur Removal at High Temperature during Coal Combustion in Furnaces: A Review, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 29 (2003), 5, 381-405
    • Makarytchev, S. V., Cen, C. F., Luo, Z. Y., Staged Desulphurization by Direct Sorbent Iwection in Pulverized-Coal Boilers, Energy, 19 (1994), 9, 947-956
    • Li, S., et. al., NOx and SOx Emissions of a High Sulfur Self-Retention Coal During Air Staged Combustion, Fuel, 87 (2008), 6, 723-731
    • Brodnax, L. F., Rochelle, G. T., Preparation of Calcium Silicate Absorbent from Iron Blast Furnace Slag, Journal of Air and Waste Management Association 50, (2000), 1655-1662
    • Liu, C.-F., Shih, S.-M., Kinetics of the Reaction of Iron Blast Furnace Slag/Hydrated Lime Sorbents with SO2 at Low Temperatures: Effects of Sorbent Preparation Conditions, Chemical Engineering Science, 59 (2004), 1001-1008
    • Liu, H., Okazaki, K., Simultaneous Easy CO2 Recovery and Drastic Reduction of SOx and NOx in O2/CO2 Coal Combustion with Heat Recirculation, Fuel, 82 (2003), 11, 1427-1436
    • Wei, S., H., et al., High Surface Area Calcium Carbonate> Pore Structural Properties and Sulfation Characteristics, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 36 (1997), 6, 2141-2148
    • Adanez, J., et al., Study of Modified Calcium Hydroxides for Enhancing SO2 Removal during Sorbent Injection in Pulveriyed Coal Boilers, Fuel, 76 (1997), 3, 257-265
    • Damle, A. S., Modeling a Furnace Sorbent Slurry Injection Process, J Air Waste Manage Assoc, 44 (1994), 1, 21-30
    • Garea, A., et al., Fly Ash/Calcium Hydroxide Mixtures for SO2 Removal: Structural Properties and Maximum Yield, Chem. Eng. J., 66 (1997), 3, 171-179
    • Nelson, S. J, Zhang, C., Low-Capital Cost Technology for SO2 Control, Proceedings, Air and Waste Manegement Association’s Annual Meeting and Exibition, vol. 11, Pittsburgh, Penn.,USA, 1996
    • Sadakata, M., et al., Removal of SO2 from Flue Gas Using Ultrafine CaO Particles, J Chem. Eng. Jpn., 27 (1994), 4, 550-552
    • Muzio, L. J., Offen, G. R., Assessment of Dry Sorbent Emission Control Technologies Part I: Fundamental Processes, J Air Pollution Control Assoc, 37 (1987), 5, 642-654
    • ***, LIFAC North America, Project Performance Summary, Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program, 2004
    • ***, General Electric Company, Environmental Products, Available: http://www.geenergy.com, [Accessed 08, May 2012]
    • Srivastava, R. K., Controlling SO2 Emissions: A Review of Technologies, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, 2000
    • Nolan, P. S., Flue Gas Desulfurization Technologies for Coal-Fired Power Plants, Proceedings, Coal-Tech International Conference, Novembar 13-14, 2000, Jakarta, Indonesia
    • Bielawski, G., Der, V. K., McDowell, J. C., Clean Coal Technology Reports: Project Performance Summaries, Post Project Assessments & Topical Reports, Environmental Control Devices, Project Fact Sheets, 2003, Available online: http://www.netl.doe.gov [Accessed: March 04, 2012]
    • ***, Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. Brochures – Environmental Equipment, Spray Dry Flue Gas Desulphurization Systems, 2009, USA, Available: http://www.babcock.com/products/environmental_equipment/so2_control.html., [Accessed: January 09, 2012]
    • Singer, J. G., Combustion Fossil Power, a Reference Book on Fuel Burning and Steam Generation, Combustion Engineering, Inc., Windsor, Conn., USA, 1991, 15-32 ***, U.S. Department of Energy, Clean Coal Technology, The Investment Pays Off, A Report by the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, November 1999., Available online: http://www.fossil.energy.gov [Accessed Dec.12 2011.]
    • ***, U. S. Department of Energy, Clean Coal Technology, The Investment Pays Off, A Report by the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, November 1999, Available online: http:// http://www.fossil.energy.gov [Accessed December 12, 2011]
    • ***, AP-42, Vol. I, CH1: External Combustion Sources, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available: http//www.epa.gov/ttn
    • Kaminski, J., Technologies and Costs of SO2 Emissions Reduction for the Energy Sector, Applied Energy, 75 (2003), 3, 165-172
Kako citirati ovaj rad?
Dodatne reference o radu
Gornji linkovi su isključivo informativnog karaktera i postoji mogućnost da sadrže pogrešne ili nepotpune informacije.